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    Faculty of Education

Rail Systems (MSc)

1. General Information

The commercial railway operation was started in 1825 and was a major player in the economic development of nations. When the oil prices were low, the rail systems development slowed down. Towards the end of 19th century, new developments took place and merchandise and passenger traffic transport on rails increased. Later on, high speed lines were established for passenger transport over long distances. Also, metro and light rail systems became widespread. The rail systems industry has been growing steadily worldwide reaching a sum of $70 billion annually. By the year 2020, the investment is expected to reach $1 trillion. The light-rail system market investment is about 3.5 billion euros and expected to reach 4.3 billion by the end of 2013. The Rolling stock market sales is about 86 billion euros with a grow rate of 8% per year. [Eskişehir Sanayi Odası Dergisi, v.2, n.11, p.58].

The railway operations in Turkey were started in1856 between Izmir and Aydin. Before the republic era, there were 8619 km railroad laid within the Ottoman territories. Most of these lines are still in the current borders of Turkey. Later on 3578 km rail road was built until 1950 most of which was laid during the early years of the Republic era. [TCDD internet page]. In recent years, subways were established in Istanbul, Ankara and Izmir; also high-speed train operation was initiated.  By 2013, 2622 km high speed train line, by 2023, additional 6792 km high speed line, 4707 km conventional line, between 2023 and 2035, additional 2960 km high speed line, and 956 km conventional line are to be constructed. The planned spending on these projects reaches $23,5 billion by 2023, and additional $21,5 billion by 2035 [Eskişehir Sanayi Odası Dergisi, v.2, n.11, p.58].

Similar investments for light rail and subway construction have been planned.  For example, Istanbul subway system will have 118 km additional line by 2018 and additional 276 km line by 2023.

As the railroads expand, the demand for the Rolling stock will increase, too. Expansion of the lines and production of the Rolling stock will require employment of the expert manpower.  Current educational programs in Turkey do not have the capacity to meet this demand. The rail systems graduate was initiated at Eskişehir Osmangazi University to contribute to meet this demand. With this program, the Rail Systems Test and Certification Center of Anadolu University will be supported, too.

Eskişehir Osmangazi is a founding member of the Rail Systems Cluster. With the graduate program, it will contribute to the development of the rail systems by training engineers for the companies such as TULOMSAS.

This is an interdisciplinary program. It is founded under the administration of the Institute of Natural and Applied Sciences.  Faculty members from the Electrical-Electronics, Mechanical, Civil, Metallurgical, Industrial, and Computer Engineering and other departments take part in the program.  Courses offered by these departments can be included in the program. Also, courses offered under Rail Systems can be taken by students in other disciplines. Program allows the admission of the graduates of most of the engineering programs with a preparatory coursework if they do not have the proper background for the intended program.

The Rail Systems graduate program has two main branches:  Engineering and Management.

Master’s Degree Engineering Programs

This program involves basically Electrical, Mechanical and Civil Engineering fields.

1. Electric Rail Systems Engineering

This two year program involves electric traction systems, catenary lines, power distribution points, energy efficiency and the design and development of sub systems in electric rail systems. Some of the courses are in the following topics:

a.     Basic Electrical Machinery

b.    Analysis and Design of Traction Systems

c.     AC and DC Traction Control

d.    Catenary Power Systems

e.     Modern Control Systems

f.      Neuro-Fuzzy Control

g.    SCADA Systems

h.    Maintenance of Electric Traction Systems

i.      RAMS (Reliability, Accessibly, Maintainability and Security)

2. Rail Systms Control and Signaling Engineering

This two year program focuses on the traffic flow control and communications systems in rail systems. The program may include courses from the following list:

a.     Modern Control Systems

b.    Electonics and Relay Coordination Systems

c.     Advanced Signaling in Rail Systems

d.    Computer Reliability and Security

e.     Rail Systems Communications

f.      Traffic Flow in Rail Systems

g.    Rail systems Operation and Control

h.    Maintenance of Control and Signaling Sistems

i.      RAMS (Reliability, Accessibly, Maintainability and Security)

3. Rail Systems Track Engineering

This two-year program involves the analysis, design and maintenance of railroad substructure, balast and tracks. The following course work can be taken for this program:

a.     Advanced Substructure Design

b.    Advanced Track Design

c.     Rail and Wheel Interaction

d.    Testing, Inspection and Fault Analysis on Tracks

e.     Track Dynamics in Rail Systems

f.      Track Maintenance Management in Rail Systems

g.    Train and Track Interaction

h.    RAMS (Reliability, Accessibly, Maintainability and Security)

4. Rail Systems Rolling Stock Design

This two-year program involves the analysis, design and maintenance of railway cars, locomotives and other rolling stock. Some of the following courses may be taken in the program:

a.     Rail Systems Rolling Stock Dynamics

b.    Rail and Wheel Interaction

c.     Train and Track Interaction

d.    Bogie and Wagon Design Fundamentals

e.     Train Aerodynamics

f.      Ergonomics and Aesthetics

g.    Testing and Calibration in Rail Systems

h.    Certification in Rail Systems

i.      Depot Operation

j.      Maintenance and Repair of Rolling Stock

k.    RAMS (Reliability, Accessibly, Maintainability and Security)

Master’s Degree Management Programs

The Rail Systems Management programs basically involve Industrial Engineering and Management areas. These programs are as follows:

1. Transport with Rail Systems

In this two-year program, planning, operation and management of rail systems are discussed. The following courses may be offered in the program:

a.     Advanced Operational Research

b.    Transport Network Analysis

c.     Service Quality Management

d.    Transport Economy

e.     Rail Systems Operations Management

f.      Risk Analysis and Management

g.    Rail Systems Project Management

2. Security in Rail Systems

In this two-year program, the security and safety of rail systems, regulations and related topics are studied. Here are some of the courses that can be offered on this subject:

a.     Advanced Operational Research

b.    Risk and Security Analysis and Management

c.     Human Factor

d.    Accident Investigation and Reporting

e.     Rail Systems Safety Standards and Regulations.

f.      Rail systems Safety Project Management

Other Courses that may be Offered:

a.     Advanced Engineering Materials

b.    Material Characterization

c.     Nondestructive Tests

d.    Corrosion

e.     Ceramic Materials

f.      Component Wear


2. The Degree Conferred

The students who complete the program successfully are awarded Master’s of Science (M. S.) in Rail Systems.


3. Degree Level

Post graduate.


4. Admission requirements

Number of students to be admitted for each subfield is determined and announced by the request of the faculty members before the semester begins. Scores of nation wide exams ALES and ÜDS/KPDS and student GPA are used to calculate a score for admission. ALES is similar to the GRE exam has 50% weight while ÜDS and KPDS are foreign language exams with 25% weight. The GPA of the student has the remaining 25% weight in the admission score.

Graduates of Electrical, Electronics, Communications, Control Systems, Computer, Mechatronics, Mechanical, Metallurgical and Materials, Civil, and Industrial Engineering departments are admitted to the graduate program. Depending on the program, a student may have to take up to 18 credits undergraduate courses before the Rail Systems courses.

For the electrical engineering related programs:

1.    Signals and Systems

2.    Fundamentals of Electronics

3.    Digital Systems

4.    Principles of Energy Conversion


For the rolling stock design:

1.    Thermodynamics

2.    Strength of Materials

3.    Fluid Dynamics

4.    Motors


For the track engineering:

1.    Statics

2.    Strength of Materials

3.    Steel Structures

4.    Concrete Structures

5.    Ground Mechanics


Management Related Programs:

1.    Production Techniques

2.    Production Planning

3.    Plant Planning

4.    Cost Analysis

5.    Quality control


Materials related programs:

1.    General Materials Science

2.    Materials Selection and Design

3.    Electronic Materials

4.    Thermal Processes

5.    Materials production technique


5. Recognition of the previous education

Some of the graduate level courses taken from other universities may be counted for the degree program upon the request of the student and the approval of the advisor and the program director.


6. Conditions and Rules for the Degree Qualification

The Master’s of Science program requires seven regular courses totaling 21 credits, a seminar course, a specialization field course and thesis work. The seminar, specialization field course and the thesis work have zero local credits and pass/fail grades. A student must receive a passing grade (AA through DD, or YT) for each course in the program and must not have any FF, DZ or YZ grade for any course he or she has taken. In the program at least 90 ECTS credits and a minimum 3.00 out of 4.00 grade point average are also required.


7. Program Educational Goals

To train Engineers with M.S. degrees who

1)    have the advanced level knowledge to do analysis and design in Rail Systems subfields,

2)    can effectively use the hardware and software that are related to their subfield,

3)    can adapt the models, techniques and processes that have been developed in their subfield to new applications or develop new models and methods,

4)    have the ability to follow developments in their profession and awareness the need for life-long learning,

5)    have the ability to work individually and in groups, a keen sense of professional responsibility and an awareness of professional ethics,

6)    have social consciousness and self-confidence,

7)    can follow the developments and publications in technical fields, summarize the developments, deduct the essential points of such works, make use of such knowledge, and report such works as well as his or her work within an ethical and professional frame.


8. Program Outcomes


Ability to access information in Rail Systems in a scientific manner in depth and in width as well as to assess, interpret and use the information obtained.


Detailed knowledge of the sate-of-the art techniques and methods applicable to the Rail Systems and their limitations.


Ability to deduce additional information from indefinite, limited or incomplete data using scientific methods and to put this information into practice as well as to incorporate data from different disciplines.


Awareness of the new and developing practices in Rail Systems and ability to study and learn such practices whenever needed.


Ability to recognize and formulate problems in Rail Systems and to develop methods to solve such problems utilizing innovative methods.


Ability to develop new or original ideas, to design complex systems or processes, and to come up with innovative/alternative solutions.


Ability to design and practice theoretical, experimental and simulative research tasks and to assess and analyze complex problems that are faces during the research process.


Ability to function effectively in multidisciplinary teams, to lead such teams and suggest solutions in such work environments; ability to work independently and take responsibility.


Ability to communicate in written and oral forms in a foreign language.


Ability to convey the method and results of the research in written or oral form to a national or international audience in the same field or in other fields in a clear and systematical way.


Knowledge of the social, environmental, health, safety and judicial dimensions of Rail Systems applications, knowledge of project management and workplace practices in the field as well as the awareness of limitations that such factors impose on the practices.


Awareness of societal, scientific and ethical values in collecting, interpreting, and publishing data and in other Professional activities.

9. Employment Possibilities for the Graduates

The graduates of the Rail Systems Master’s degree program can be employed by state and private establishments in the planning, construction, operation and maintenance of Rail Systems. Rolling stock design and production, depot design and operation, track electrification, track inspection and testing and alike are also among the employment fields.


10. Obtaining Higher Degrees

Students who successfully complete the M.S: degree program can pursue doctoral degrees in the country or abroad. In Turkey, those who wish to get an M.S. or doctoral degree are required to take a special exam called ALES (similar to the GRE exam) and one of various foreign language exams. Minimum ALES and foreign language scores may be required for the admission for graduate programs.


11. Examinations and Assessment

The examinations, assignments and assessment for each course is described in the course information sheet. Courses with 3 or more local credits have two midterm exams and a final exam.  For some courses, a project may be assigned to be considered as a midterm exam.


12. Graduation Requirements

Graduation requirements are as explained in the section titled “Conditions and Rules for the Degree Qualification”.


13. Type of Instruction (Full time, e-learning)

Full-time attendance for the regular courses is required.


14. Address and Contact Information (Program Director and Erasmus Coordinator)

Rail Systems Correspondence Address:

Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü,

Raylı Sistemler Ana Bilim Dalı,

Eskişehir Osmangazi Üniversitesi 
Meşelik Yerleşkesi M4 Blok,

26480 Eskişehir, TURKEY

Phone: +90 (222) 2393750x3636

Fax: +90 (222) 2293110

E-mail: fenenst@ogu.edu.tr


Program Director:

Prof. Dr. Hasan Hüseyin ERKAYA (hherkaya@ogu.edu.tr)  extension: 3257


15. Facilities for the Program

The Rail Systems program is a multidisciplinary program.  Faculty members from Electrical-Electronics, Computer, Civil, Mechanical, Metallurgy and Materials, and Industrial Engineering Departments take part in the program. The laboratories, lecture rooms and other facilities in these departments are also available for the Rail System program.

In addition to this, a local locomotive and engine factory TULOMSAS supports the program with its facilities and experts. The Training Center for the state railroad company TCDD in Eskişehir and the National Rail System Testing and Certification Center (under construction) of Anadolu University will support the program.


16. Academic Personnel

The Rail Systems graduate program is a multidisciplinary program; hence, it has no permanent faculty member positions. The program director is appointed among the faculty members participating in the program.